Glossary

 

Antistatic Flooring: See ESD Flooring.

 

Antimicrobial: Additives are available to provide antimicrobial properties through the depth of the resinous system (not just on the surface). Choosing a wall-to-wall, seamless system that is easily cleaned and sanitized is the first step in this direction.

 

Broadcast: A process of throwing sand or other aggregates into the middle layer of a resinous floor as it cures. This can accomplish anti-slip surfacing, other textures, or, simply add strength to the wear coat of your floor.

 

Chemical Grout Injection: A process for remediation of sunken or cracked concrete slabs. A chemical grout is injected underneath the slab which reacts with water to cure beneath the slab and either lift it or fill in gaps.

 

Colored Quartz: Quartz is a sand-like aggregate that is tumbled for a smooth shape and colored. Colored quartz is broadcast into resinous floors for decorative purposes and to achieve various textures in the finished floor.

 

Concrete Polishing: A process of grinding a concrete surface with increasingly fine diamond-grinders until a shine is produced. From here, a variety of textures or sealants may be introduced.

 

Concrete Staining: Stains can be applied to concrete for a variety of decorative and protective effects. Often used in conjunction with concrete polishing.

 

Control Joint: A joint cut partway through a slab in order to control where cracks will appear in the substrate, if they ever do appear.

 

Cove Base: An integral “baseboard” of sorts made up of resinous material that terminates the flooring system at walls. This can allow for a totally seamless integration with wall structures and make the process of cleaning the floor more streamlined.

 

Integral Cove Base: A portion of flooring that extends up the wall 4-8” in order to create a seamless form of “trim.” This extends the flooring system past the point of wall-to-wall and allows for a joint-free integration between wall and floor. In this way, it leaves no crevices of liquids or bacteria to thrive in.

 

Elastomeric Epoxy: recommended for use as a flexible membrane under resinous flooring systems where substrate cracking is anticipated and/or evident or as a waterproofing membrane as required. 

 

Epoxy: The cured end-product of epoxy resins and a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group. The term “epoxy” is often used as a catch-all for any kind of resinous surfacing, however, epoxy technically refers to a very specific group of chemistries. The term can refer to either moisture-curing or chemical-curing concrete coatings and has many subcategories of chemistries within it.

 

ESD Flooring: Epoxy flooring impregnated with metallic filaments. Errant charges are drawn to the floor, grounded and dissipated over the area to reduce risks associated with static. Useful for clean rooms that contain sensitive technology and areas with combustible materials.

 

Expansion Joint: An expansion joint allows for the movement of slabs and their expansion and contraction via thermal changes or mechanical stresses.

 

Keyed Edge: The proper method of terminating a resinous flooring system at doorways, drains, etc.

 

Metallic Epoxy Flooring: Metallic filaments are interspersed within the resin to provide a decorative finish. Alternatively, metallic components can be integrated into a floor for anti-static purposes.

 

Methyl Methacrylate (MMA): An extremely fast-curing and durable concrete coating. Able to cure chemically in as little as one hour. High resistance to thermal shock makes MMA ideal for areas that will see steam cleaning, freezing temperatures of exposure to wide fluctuations in temperature.

 

Mortars: A trowel applied resin floor consisting of a higher or coarser aggregate load. Typically applied at 1/4″ – 3/8″ in thickness. Ideal floor for impact resistance and heavy traffic.

 

Non-Slip Flooring (Anti-Slip Flooring): Designed to reduce or prevent slipping. To achieve workplace safety or greater traction, epoxy floors are often broadcast with sand or another aggregate to achieve a non-slip surface.

 

Novalac Resins: 100%-solids resins ideal for epoxy flooring in areas subject to harsh chemical or solvent exposure. Provides excellent chemical resistance in secondary containment systems, solvent storage areas, tank linings, chemical manufacturing lines and other areas prone to chemical exposure.

 

Polyaspartic Resins: These resins are extremely quick curing, demanding an experienced applicator but, allowing for multiple coats to be applied very quickly. The resulting floor has excellent UV resistance and its finish can be exceptionally clear.

 

Seamless Flooring: A wall-to-wall system that achieves a smooth surface without cracks or seems. This avoids traps for dirt and potential breeding places for bacteria, giving you a more cleanable and sanitary surface.

 

Secondary Containment: A system of “double ensuring” the storage of hazardous or harsh chemicals. A secondary containment area is a chemically-resistant concrete storage area that will contain any errant fluids in the event of a product spill.

 

Slab Jacking: The process of raising a failed or sunken concrete slab. This is often accomplished by chemical grout injection to “float” the slab back into place and can save otherwise broken slabs permanently.

 

Slurries: Resin rich floor option with an aggregate load of “medium” volume. This floor can be self-leveling and is typically installed anywhere from 1/16″ – 3/16″ in-depth.

 

Terrazzo Flooring: A man-made stone product composed of both granite and marble with a resinous binder of some kind. Available in many colors and patterns and ideal for high-traffic flooring surfaces that also need to be aesthetically pleasing.

 

Thermal ShockThermal shock occurs when a thermal gradient causes different parts of an object to expand by different amounts. This differential expansion can be understood in terms of stress or of strain, equivalently. At some point, this stress can exceed the strength of the material, causing a crack to form.

Floors that withstand sharp contrasts in temperature or extreme temperatures on either end of the spectrum are liable to fail. Because many industrial users either steam clean their floors, use heat generating equipment or refrigerate their spaces, we need to take these environmental swings into account. Both MMA’s and cement urethane products are good at withstanding thermal shock.

 

Vinyl Chip Flooring : Colored vinyl chips are broadcast into an epoxy resin to produce a decorative surface.



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